Minister lists measures taken to mitigate effects of climate change

Minister of State (Independent Charge) of Environment, Forests and Climate Change Prakash Javadekar has informed the Lok Sabha of the various initiatives the government has been taking towards mitigating climate change, particularly placing them in the context of the global climate summit in Paris.

The government of India has made a budget provision of Rs 350 crore toward National Adaptation Fund on Climate Change (NAFCC) for 2015-16 and 2016-17, he stated.

And the fund will require Rs 181.5 crore for financial year 2017-18.

Javadekar said the National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) has been appointed national implementing entity (NIE) of the fund. The bank is already the NIE for Green Climate Fund in India.

The minster further informed the lower house of parliament that the government was finalising its post-2020 Climate Action Plan for the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).

He said the government was holding consultations with multiple stakeholders — ministries, think-tanks, institutions, industry associations, NGOs and the civil society — to finalize India’s Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) to be submitted ahead of the twenty-first session of the Conference of Parties in Paris.

“India has been advocating a strong and ambitious outcome in Paris in accordance with the principle and provisions of the UNFCCC. It has been highlighting the strong domestic initiatives of the new government on climate change,” the minister stated in his reply.

“India has been coordinating with the G-77 and China, BASIC (Brazil, India, China and South Africa) group of countries and the Like Minded Developing Countries (LMDCs) for ensuring an equitable, comprehensive and balanced agreement in Paris,” he added.

Also, the minister informed that National Clean Development Mechanism Authority (NCDMA) has accorded Host Country Approval (HCA) to 2,940 projects.

The said projects fall in the categories of energy efficiency, fuel switching, industrial processes, municipal solid waste, renewable energy and forestry across the country. And of these projects, 1,578 are registered under the UNFCCC, the minister stated.

In connection with implementation of vehicular emission norms, the minister said BS-IV norms have been implemented in 63 cities covering 15 States including Delhi and National Capital Region (NCR).

Besides this, the measures the government has taken include, introduction of emission standards for flex fuel ethanol (E 85) and ethanol (ED 95) vehicles; introduction of 5 percent ethanol gasoline fuel blends across the country; constitution of working group on biofuels and Hydrogen Corpus Fund; introduction of alternative fuels such as CNG, LPG and bio-diesel (B20); and progressive tightening of the emission norms, along with supply of commensurate fuel quality.

The minister also listed Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of (Hybrid &) Electric Vehicles in India (FAME) scheme to support the hybrid/electric vehicles market development as another key government initiative toward reducing emissions.

Citing the latest study report of World Resources Institute (WRI), the minister informed the house that India ranked tenth among the top ten per capita carbon emitters globally.

In India the per capita emission has been recorded as about 1.92 tons of carbon dioxide. The WRI ranking showed that per capita emissions of Canada were about 24.6 tons, United States is about 19.6 tons, Russia about 15.3 tons, and China about 7.69 tons of carbon dioxide equivalent in 2011, the minister pointed out.

Ajith Kumar S